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Hui Xu is a PhD Candidate at Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany. He has done extensive fieldwork on migration and labour in China. His research interest includes industrial changes and labour relations, civil society and social movements in China.

The End of Sweatshops? Robotisation and the Making of New Skilled Workers in China

In the past few years, the Chinese labour market has experienced a transition from surplus to shortage of labour, which has led to increased wages for ordinary workers. In such a context, since 2015 the Chinese authorities have pursued a policy of industrial upgrading based on the robotisation of the manufacturing sector. This essay explores the impact of such rapid-employ, large-scale robotisation on labour relations in Chinese factories.

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