Zhiyuan Guo is a Professor of Law at China University of Political Science and Law (CUPL) in Beijing, where she specialises in criminal procedure, evidence, international human rights law, and law and society studies. She is Deputy Director of the Centre for Criminal Law and Justice, CUPL, Adjunct Professor at Buffalo State College, United States, and Chinese University of Hong Kong. She is also a Non-resident Senior Research Fellow at the US-Asia Law Institute, New York University School of Law. Guo was appointed Guanghua Visiting Scholar at New York University School of Law in 2008–2009 and Sohmen Visiting Scholar at the Faculty of Law, Hong Kong University, in 2011. She was appointed Fulbright Research Scholar and visited Stanford Law School for the 2015–16 academic year. Recently she was appointed Academic Writing Fellow at the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center.
In China, people with mental disorders may be committed to mental hospitals for treatment in accordance with either the Mental Health Law or the Criminal Procedure Law depending on the specific situation. This essay gives a brief introduction to the two institutions involving forced deprivation of liberty of the mentally ill; compulsory treatment and involuntary hospitalisation. By comparing these two institutions, it also points out their shortcomings and some possible steps forward.