Craig A. Smith is Lecturer of Translation Studies at the Asia Institute, University of Melbourne. Trained as a historian, his research focuses on the intellectual history of China in the early twentieth century. His writing on China-centred transnational regionalism has appeared in Twentieth-Century China, Cross-Currents, and Modern Chinese Literature and Culture. He also regularly translates contemporary Chinese and Japanese articles.
Although industrial landscapes today appear as one of the most alien of art forms, they were once fundamental as backgrounds of socialist realist paintings. This essay examines the legacies of two masters of the genre in China and North Korea—Song Wenzhi (1919–1999) and Chōng Yōngman (1938–1999)—and demonstrates how different revolutionary histories have led to a divergence in legacy and achievement.